There are done using hands and fingers. Mudras is expression of feelings which is used in different fields like
1. Expression of feelings in dance
2. During the worship
3. In Yogabhayasa.
Mudra means seal. In order to specify the mind and make it stagnant Mudras are used. Mudras indicate the region of holes in the body and how to set right such holes. Many Mudras are used in Pranayama like Chinmudra, Nasika Mudra, Chinmaya Mudra, Adi Mudra, Brahma Mudra, Shanmukhi Mudra etc.,
Types of Mudras
1. Kriya Mudra : Simha Mudra, Bhujangana Mudra, Ashwini Mudra are used in purification techniques.
2. Asana Mudras : Yoga Mudra, Maha Mudra are used in Yogasanas.
3. Pranayama Mudras : These are used to control our breath and to control our internal powers. Eg : Chinmudra, Nasika Mudra, Chinmaya Mudra, Bhahma Mudra, Kaki Mudra etc.
4. Power flowing Mudras : are used to awaken the hidden powers
Eg : Vajroli Mudra.
5. Kriya Mudras : Used in mediation, Namaskara Mudra, Abhaya Mudra, Shiva’s Mudra, Bhairavi Mudra, etc.,
6. Jnana Mudra : Used by sages and experts.
7. Hasta Mudras : Soorya Mudre, Garuda Mudre, Shanka, Trishula, Naga, Chakra, Mushti Mudres.
Some Important Mudras (For Health) Brief Details :-
Method :- Touch the tip of the thumb to the tip of the index finger, with the other three fingers straight. (Stretched out) There is no particular time duration for this Mudra.
Benefits:- This is Mudra of knowledge increases memory power and sharpness the brain. Improve the concentration regular practice control all psychological disorders. (eg. Depression, Anger, Hysteria).
Benefits :- It helps to cure Arthritis, Gout, Rheumatism, Paralysis and Parkinson’s disease. If correct the disorder of gas in the stomach. It is useful for cervical spondliytis, paralysis to face.
Method :- Index finger keep to base of the thumb. Press with thumb keeping the other three fingers straight.
Method :- The tips of middle finger and ring finger touch to the tip of thumb finger. Other two fingers are straight.
Time :- 20 to 40 minutes. Practice for longer time gets more 3 benefits.
Benefits :- If control diabetes. It helps to cures constipation and piles problem. It helps exerting the normal waste regularly.
Method :- Keep the middle finger at the mount of Venus and press it with thumb practice of 40 to 60 minutes. Daily until to be cured from the disease.